Thousand Cankers Disease of Black Walnut
The Missouri Department of Agriculture has enacted a state exterior quarantine to protect Missouri's black walnut resource from Thousand Cankers Disease (TCD). The quarantine prohibits wood products, including walnut bark and all firewood, from infected areas from coming into Missouri. States affected by Missouri’s quarantine include Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Virgina and Washington. Several other states have enacted similar quarantines, including Kansas, Michigan, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Indiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Arkansas, Illinois and West Virginia. The known infested states of North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia and also have state quarantines. More information about the Missouri quarantine is available below.
Cankers caused by the fungal pathogen Geosmithia morbida form wherever the walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis) probes the wood. Eventually hundreds or thousands of cankers form, coalesce and cause tree mortality. Photo by Dr. Ned Tisserat, Colorado State University.
Thousand Cankers Disease (TCD) is a pest complex that has caused mortality in walnut in many western states. It is now present in the eastern native range of black walnut, but has not been detected in Missouri. TCD is caused by the walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis) and an associated fungus (Geosmithia morbida) and black walnut (Juglans nigra) is highly susceptible to this disease..
If you suspect you have seen TCD in Missouri, please contact the Missouri Department of Agriculture, Office of the State Entomologist at (573) 751-5505. For those outside of Missouri, the contact information for your state plant regulatory official can be found at the National Plant Board website at www.nationalplantboard.org under “membership”.
These states have confirmed the presence of thousand cankers disease of walnut.
These states have enacted exterior quarantines (preventing import or transit of regulated walnut articles) or interior quarantines (preventing the intrastate movement of regulated walnut articles).
Links of Interest
National TCD Website
Missouri Department of Conservation: Forest Health Program
Colorado State University: Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management
University of California at Davis: Integrated Pest Management Program
Tennessee Department of Agriculture: Division of Regulatory Services
National Plant Board: contact information for state plant regulatory officials
National Association of State Foresters: contacts for the state forester in each state
National Plant Diagnostic Network: NPDN diagnostic lab for each state
Walnut Council: also has links to state associations
Other TCD-Related Documents
Missouri State Exterior Quarantine
TCD Pest Alert From U.S. Forest Service
TCD Pathway Analysis conducted by USDA-APHIS-PPQ
TCD Frequently Asked Questions
TCD Field Identification Guide from US Forest Service and UC-Davis
TCD Economic Assessment for Missouri from the Missouri Department of Conservation